Common GK and UPSC Questions on the Ganga River

Common GK and UPSC Questions on the Ganga River

Ganga River, also known as Ganges. It is one of the most revered and significant river systems in India. It spans over 25000 km, from Gangotri Glacier in the Himalayas and flows southeastward across several states, including Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and West Bengal, before finally emptying into the Bay of Bengal.

It is an essential topic to cover if you are appearing for the UPSC, PCS, SSC, CDS or any other competitive exam. It is one of the important topics to cover. Before coming to the GK and UPSC question of Ganga river, let; ‘s know about some basic characteristics that you should know if you are preparing for the competitive exams.

  • Length: Approx 2,500 kilometres (1,553 miles)
  • Origin: Gangotri Glacier in the Himalayas, Uttarakhand, India
  • States Covered: Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal
  • Major Tributaries: Yamuna, Ghaghara, Gandak, Kosi, Chambal, Son
  • Religious Significance: Sacred in Hindu, pilgrims take baths in Ganga waters for spiritual purification and to clean their sins.
  • Economic Importance: Agriculture, industry, and transportation as well as fertile plains for agriculture
  • Major Cities/Towns: Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Patna, Kolkata
  • Biodiversity: Home to diverse aquatic and terrestrial species. Highly supports rich ecosystems
  • Pollution: Faces severe pollution from industrial effluents, untreated sewage, and agricultural runoff
  • Conservation Efforts: Various initiatives like the Namami Gange program aim to clean and rejuvenate the river
  • Flood Control: Faces flood risk, particularly in the Gangetic plains; various flood control measures are implemented
  • Navigation: Historically important for transportation; modern navigation is limited due to pollution and siltation
  • International Significance: Transboundary river shared with Bangladesh; water sharing agreements and treaties in place

A few questions on the Ganga River System are asked in the UPSC, etc exam

Question: From where did the river Ganga originate from?

A. Mansarovar Lake in Tibet

B. Verinag stream in Jammu and Kashmir

C. Beas Kund near Rohtang passes in Himachal Pradesh

D. Gangotri glacier near Gaumukh

Answer: D – Gangotri glacier near Gaumukh

Explanation: The River Ganga rises from the Gangotri glacier, which is situated near Gaumukh(3900m) in the Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand. People there called it the Bhagirathi. Therefore, D is the right one.

Questions: Which of the following tributaries of river Ganga originates from Doodhatoli ranges in the district of Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand and joins near Farrukhabad (Uttar Pradesh)?

A. Ramganga

B. Gomti

C. Kali or Sarda

D. Gandak

Answer: A – Ramganga

Explanation: The River Ramganga is the tributary of the river Ganga. It originates from Doodhatoli ranges in the district of Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, and joins near Farrukhabad (Uttar Pradesh). Therefore, A is the right one.

Questions: Which tributary of the Ganga River is popularly known as ‘Sorrow of Bihar’?

A. Gomati

B. Yamina

C. Kosi

D. Chambal

Answer: C. Kosi

Explanation: The Kosi River, is one of the oldest rivers in Indian history. It is also known as the “Sorrow of Bihar” because its annual floods affect about 21,000 km sq of fertile agricultural lands, thereby disturbing the rural economy. Therefore, C is the right one.

Questions: Which of the following Ganga tributaries rises on the Plateau of Amarkantak?

A. Kali or Sarda

B. Son

C. Yamuna

D. Gandak

Answer: B – Son

Explanation: The Sun River originates from the Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh, which is also a Ganga tributary. ISun RIver is just to headwater of the Narmada River. Therefore, B is the right one.

Question: Which river rises in Tibet on the boundary between China and Nepal and flows into the Ganga in Hajipur, Bihar?

A. Mahananda

B. Kosi

C. Gandak

D. Gomti

Answer: C – Gandak

Explanation: The Gandak River is also called the Narayani and the Gandak. It is one of the main rivers in Nepal and the left-bank tributary of the Ganges in India and Nepal. It rises in Tibet on the boundary between China and Nepal and flows into the Ganga close to Hajipur (Bihar). Therefore, C is the right one.

Also Read:-

Namami Gange Project: Cleaning and Revitalizing India’s Holy River Ganga


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