Namami Gange Project: Cleaning and Revitalizing India’s Holy River Ganga

The government of India established a flagship project named Namami Gange, which focuses on the cleaning and purifying of the River Ganga or Ganges River. It is considered as the most holy river in India. The program was introduced in 2015, 13 May by the honorable Prime Minister of India, Narendra Damodardas Modi.

The objective of the Namami Gange Project

The main objective and aim of this project is to reduce impurities, pollution, and unwanted objects from the river and to conserve it. And to rejuvenate and restore its ecosystem. the top priority of the project is to provide a clean and uninterrupted flow of the water/river.

The project consists of several elements and aspects to clean the river such as sewage treatment, solid waste management, forestation, riverfront progress and development, industrial waste and pollution control, and campaigns for public awareness.

The National Ganga Council, officially referred to as the National Council for Protection, Rejuvenation, and Management of River Ganga, is in charge and responsible for implementing the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG). Being a registered community, this mission was founded on August 12, 2011, according to the Societies Registration Act, of 1860.

In the states of Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, Bihar, and West Bengal, State level Programme Management Groups (SPMGs) provide help and support to the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), which is under the National Ganga Council. The Indian government launched and introduced this program to help reduce Ganga pollution by offering technical and financial support.

National Mission for Clean Ganga- Current Updates About Budget and More

The Indian Government currently issued a budget of more than Rs.20,000 crore (which is around $3 billion) for the project Namami Gange.

The 5th India Water Impact Summit 2020 took place in the online market from 10-15 Dec. The 2020 IWIS Summit will place strong attention and focus on managing rivers and other sources of water holistically and coordinating growth and development with river conservation. It concentrates and relies on incorporating the Arth Ganga philosophy into India’s growth plan.

To aid and assist in reducing impurities, dirt, and contaminants in the Ganga river basin, the World Bank has awarded Rs. 3,000 crore 5-year loan/funds (for the 2nd stage) to the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) or Namami Gange Program. Under the initiative, 313 projects totaling Rs. 25,000 crore were approved as of now.

The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) was organized and established by the Indian government at Vigyan Bhavan in New Delhi. NMCG concentrates and aims at pollution control measures such as intercepting, relocating, and treating wastewater and unwanted objects that pass down via open sewage and drains.

Using biological remediation, appropriate in-situ treatment, cutting-edge technology, effluent treatment plants (ETP), and sewage treatment plants (STP), it seeks and is designed to lower pollution.

International Collaboration regarding Namami Gange Project

As you are aware NMCG collaborates and cooperates with many international organizations, companies, and also governments to acquire technical proficiency, financial assistance, and best measures for Ganga purification and rejuvenation.

The Collaboration for Ganga consists of several countries such as Germany, the United Kingdom, and Japan, alongside organizations including the United Nations and the World Bank.

Surveillance and Inspection

To guarantee accountability and honesty, NMCG regularly monitors, examines, and analyses the execution of projects as well as their results. It makes use of several instruments and processes to evaluate the success of projects or initiatives and highlight areas in need of development and proper growth.

Cleaning and Disinfecting River Surface

There are a lot of technologies and methods that are issued by the Indian Government to clean and disinfect the water and surface of the Ganga River. The project and initiative also offer the safety of aquatic life and biodiversity across the river.

Ganga Action Plan

In 1985, the Ministry of Forests and Environment established and introduced this plan. To improve the quality and to purify water this River Action Plan was announced and it has been the first to take place. The river water is improving through methods like management of domestic sewage, diversion, and blocking. The project also focuses on avoiding and blocking toxins and preventing industrial waste in the river.

Plan for the Conservation and Rejuvenation of National Rivers

Considering the aim of protecting and cleaning all of India’s important and holy rivers, this conservation project was established as an addition to the Ganga Action Plan.

National River Ganga Basin Authority (NRGBA)

In 2009, the Central Government established and announced the National River Ganga Basin Authority, which is controlled and administered by the Indian Prime Minister supporting Section 3 of the Environment Protection Act, 1986. The Ganga has been declared and announced as “the National River” of India.

In 2010, the government launched a cleanup and restoration effort to stop industrial waste and untreated or polluted municipal sewage from entering the river.

What is the Namami Gange?

Together with its State Programme Management Groups (SPMGs), the National Mission for Clean Ganga and to rejuvenate, reflects the Namami Gange Yojana. On July 10, 2014, Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley declared the official start and implementation of the Namami Gange Project.

Having an Rs. 20,000 crore budget, this program was started as a conservation and securing effort. The goals and aims of Namami Gange are to restore and revitalize the riverbanks while also lowering and controlling the Ganga’s pollution level.

Collaboration with Germany regarding the initiative

India has joined hands and partnered with Germany to clean, secure, and revitalize the Ganga River in India. The collaboration was meant under the Ministry of Water Resources and GIZ (German International Cooperation).

This program is very essential for the river because in recent years the river has become so much polluted. There are several reasons for the pollution and dirtiness of the river. The main reason is industrial waste that industries dump in the river through sewages.

Yet another reason is people, as Ganga is a holy and National river of India many tourists and locals visit there. It is important to clean the water as well as the surface of the river.

Following a meeting with Uttarakhand’s chief minister, Trivendra Singh Rawat, in August 2017, Germany formally finalized a financial assistance agreement worth ₹900 crores. As a whole, the EU member state has promised the river’s source state of Uttarakhand 120 million Euros, or ₹100 crores, in support and assistance.

Since the 5 main states are located near the river’s mainstream, that’s the epic reason for Ganga pollution. The five states are Bihar, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, UP, and Jharkhand. It is important to take measures and precautions by both Government and citizens.


1. What is the Namami Gange project?
– The Namami Gange project is a flagship initiative of the Indian government aimed at cleaning and rejuvenating the River Ganga, focusing on reducing pollution and conserving its ecosystem.

2. When was the Namami Gange project launched?
– The project was launched on May 13, 2015, by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

3. What are the main objectives of the Namami Gange project?
– The main objectives include reducing impurities and pollution in the Ganga, conserving its ecosystem, ensuring uninterrupted flow of water, and promoting public awareness.

4. How is the Namami Gange project funded?
– The project is funded through a budget allocation by the Indian government, international collaborations, and loans from organizations like the World Bank.

5. What are some key elements of the Namami Gange project?
– Elements include sewage treatment, solid waste management, riverfront development, industrial waste control, and public awareness campaigns.

6. Which international organizations collaborate with the Namami Gange project?
– Organizations such as the World Bank, United Nations, and countries like Germany, the United Kingdom, and Japan collaborate with the project.

7. What is the role of the National Ganga Council?
– The National Ganga Council oversees the implementation of the project and coordinates efforts at the national level.

8. How does the Namami Gange project monitor its progress?
– Regular surveillance and inspection are conducted to ensure accountability and effectiveness. Various tools and processes are utilized for evaluation.

9. How does the Namami Gange project address industrial pollution?
– The project employs measures such as effluent treatment plants, sewage treatment plants, and regulations to control and reduce industrial waste entering the Ganga.

10. Which states are covered under the Namami Gange project?
– States like Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, Bihar, and West Bengal, which are located along the Ganga’s mainstream, are covered under the project.

Leave a Comment